Early JudaismNew Insights and Scholarship

Early JudaismNew Insights and Scholarship

Frederick E. Greenspahn

Print publication date: 2019

ISBN: 9781479896950

Publisher: NYU Press

Abstract

The Dead Sea Scrolls, ancient inscriptions, and Jewish books preserved within various Christian communities demonstrate that Jewish identity took a variety of forms in the period following that described in the Hebrew Bible. However, the teachings of only one of these groups – the rabbis – became normative. This was also the period during which prayer and synagogues emerged as a widespread practice. It was also at this time that the foundation for the eventual break with Christianity, which began as a form of Judaism, was laid. Remarkably, several of the features from this Second Temple period are shared with our modern times.

Table of Contents

Front Matter

Introduction

Frederick E. Greenspahn

Part I Early Diversity

1 The Dead Sea Scrolls

James VanderKam

Part II Emerging Normativity

8 Ancient Jewish Gender

Elizabeth Shanks Alexander

9 Inventing Rabbis

Christine Hayes

Conclusion

Robert Goldenberg