Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Discretionary JusticePardon and Parole in New York from the Revolution to the Depression$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Carolyn Strange

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9781479899920

Published to NYU Press Scholarship Online: September 2017

DOI: 10.18574/nyu/9781479899920.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM NYU Press SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.nyu.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of NYU Press Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in NYSO for personal use.date: 20 January 2022

The Pardon and the Progenesis of Parole in the Mid-Nineteenth Century

The Pardon and the Progenesis of Parole in the Mid-Nineteenth Century

Chapter:
(p.87) 4 The Pardon and the Progenesis of Parole in the Mid-Nineteenth Century
Source:
Discretionary Justice
Author(s):

Carolyn Strange

Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:10.18574/nyu/9781479899920.003.0005

Most histories of parole trace its roots to Australian and Irish precedents, overlooking the Prison Association of New York’s role in monitoring and assisting discharged prisoners, both males and females. This chapter explains how a philanthropic organization established in the mid-1840s promoted the reformatory ideal and the notion that the discharge of prisoners must be earned through moral reform. Its executive members, among the leading penal theorists of the nineteenth century, became the foremost critics of the pardon power as a personal mode of discretion in need of replacement by a court of review, bound by strict rules. Their campaign to do away with the gubernatorial prerogative faltered by the 1860s, but the Prison Association successfully sowed the seeds for the flowering of indeterminate sentencing and state parole in the Progressive Era.

Keywords:   parole, constitutional politics, moral reform, Prison Association of New York, penal politics, pardon, New York

NYU Press Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.