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China, The United States, and the Future of Latin AmericaU.S.-China Relations, Volume III$
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David Denoon

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9781479899289

Published to NYU Press Scholarship Online: May 2018

DOI: 10.18574/nyu/9781479899289.001.0001

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A Structural Explanation for Sino-US-Venezuelan Relations

A Structural Explanation for Sino-US-Venezuelan Relations

Chapter:
(p.127) 6 A Structural Explanation for Sino-US-Venezuelan Relations
Source:
China, The United States, and the Future of Latin America
Author(s):

Anthony Petros Spanakos

, David B. H. Denoon
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:10.18574/nyu/9781479899289.003.0006

US-Venezuelan relations display both confrontation and cooperation. Chinese relations with Venezuela are a most likely case for rebellion against the global governance system over which the US presides. This chapter makes a structuralist argument, arguing that the way that the three countries are positioned within global and regional governance structures conditions the underlying character of their relations with each other. Simply put, the US, China, and Venezuela have very different interests and capabilities and their structural positions in South America explain why the increased Chinese presence in Venezuela is neither a threat to the US nor does it substantially aid Venezuelan intentions toward multi-polarizing the region or world. To make this argument, the chapter assumes that US foreign policy toward Venezuela is informed by its position as regional hegemon, Chinese foreign policy toward Venezuela is informed by its position as an extra-regional commercial state, and Venezuelan foreign policy toward both is informed by its position as a petrostate.

Keywords:   structuralism, petrostate, regional hegemon

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