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Children and Youth During the Gilded Age and Progressive Era$
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James Marten

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9781479894147

Published to NYU Press Scholarship Online: March 2016

DOI: 10.18574/nyu/9781479894147.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM NYU Press SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.nyu.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of NYU Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in NYSO for personal use.date: 26 June 2022

Playing Progressively?

Playing Progressively?

Race, Reform, and Playful Pedagogies in the Origins of Philadelphia’s Starr Garden Recreation Park, 1857–1904

(p.19) 1 Playing Progressively?
Children and Youth During the Gilded Age and Progressive Era

Deborah Valentine

NYU Press

This chapter traces the origins of the playground movement in America by presenting the story of Philadelphia's Starr Garden Recreation Park. It first considers philanthropist Theodore Starr's support for kindergarten advocate Anna Hallowell and African American pastor Reverend Henry Phillips in their child-saving efforts by establishing Starr Garden Park, and how he built on the efforts of George Stuart and his Colored Mission Sabbath School to expand Starr Garden Park into the playground that it is now. It then describes Susan Wharton's commitment to African American children and families in the neighborhood through her work as a founder of the Starr Centre Association and its predecessors, the St. Mary Street Library and the Philadelphia College Settlement. Finally, it discusses the issue of race by citing the role of African Americans in the processes and organizations that led to the establishment of the Starr Garden Park/Playground.

Keywords:   playground movement, Philadelphia, Starr Garden Recreation Park, Theodore Starr, Susan Wharton, African American children, Starr Centre Association, St. Mary Street Library, Philadelphia College Settlement, African Americans

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