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A Federal Right to EducationFundamental Questions for Our Democracy$
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Kimberly Jenkins Robinson

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9781479893287

Published to NYU Press Scholarship Online: September 2020

DOI: 10.18574/nyu/9781479893287.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM NYU Press SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.nyu.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of NYU Press Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in NYSO for personal use.date: 20 June 2021

The Constitution of Opportunity

The Constitution of Opportunity

Democratic Equality, Economic Inequality, and the Right to Compete

Chapter:
(p.261) 10 The Constitution of Opportunity
Source:
A Federal Right to Education
Author(s):

Rachel F. Moran

Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:10.18574/nyu/9781479893287.003.0011

In this chapter, Rachel F. Moran explains that equal educational opportunity is essential to prepare students for civic duties, but significant inequalities inevitably result from sorting students for jobs. In recent years, efficiency has become a driving force behind school reform, one that subordinates equal citizenship to the demands of a global economy. These tensions are most evident in school finance reform as calls for equal education devolve into demands for adequate education. Despite state court victories, disparities in per-pupil resources remain severe, threatening to deprive disadvantaged children of any meaningful opportunity to approximate the accomplishments of their privileged peers. In Moran’s view, reformers must craft a right to education that guarantees every child a fair opportunity to compete. Only then will disadvantaged students have authentic pathways to civic participation and upward mobility, pathways that can make the American dream feel like a real promise rather than a remote possibility.

Keywords:   opportunity gap, equal opportunity, opportunity to compete, resource equity, equal citizenship, civic participation, mobility, efficiency, equal education, adequate education, American dream

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