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JapanThe Precarious Future$
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Anne Allison

Print publication date: 1953

Print ISBN-13: 9781479889389

Published to NYU Press Scholarship Online: May 2016

DOI: 10.18574/nyu/9781479889389.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM NYU Press SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.nyu.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of NYU Press Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in NYSO for personal use.date: 26 July 2021

Japan’s Megadisaster Challenges: Crisis Management in the Modern Era

Japan’s Megadisaster Challenges: Crisis Management in the Modern Era

(p.139) Chapter Six Japan’s Megadisaster Challenges: Crisis Management in the Modern Era

William J. Siembieda

Haruo Hayashi

NYU Press

For many decades Japan has invested in natural science and engineering to prepare for all types of disasters. Based on the disaster experiences of the Kobe and the Great East Japan Earthquakes, it is beginning to focus on the community and its social characteristics as key elements to face contemporary disaster crisis challenges. This chapter presents the evolution of Japan’s crisis management system through legislation, the organization of ministerial responsibilities, and its application at local and district level. The key question raised is how can the present governance structure based on decentralized authority adjust to the challenges of an aging population, declining government revenues, and larger possible disasters? The emerging answer is found in: how well the concept of holistic operational continuity can be embraced; encouraging decentralized and flexible decision making; reducing the overall social hardship after disasters; and increasing the pace of incremental adjustments to the crisis management system.

Keywords:   operational continuity, crisis management, Tokyo, emergency management, risk reduction, Japan

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