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Criminal TrajectoriesA Developmental Perspective$
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David M. Day and Margit Wiesner

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9781479880058

Published to NYU Press Scholarship Online: January 2020

DOI: 10.18574/nyu/9781479880058.001.0001

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Predictors and Correlates of Criminal Trajectory Groups

Predictors and Correlates of Criminal Trajectory Groups

Chapter:
(p.169) 6 Predictors and Correlates of Criminal Trajectory Groups
Source:
Criminal Trajectories
Author(s):

David M. Day

Margit Wiesner

Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:10.18574/nyu/9781479880058.003.0007

This chapter reviews the literature on developmental predictors and correlates of high-rate-chronic offense trajectories identified in trajectory studies. A number of studies have identified that a small group of offenders account for a disproportionate number of offenses. Therefore, understanding the developmental precursors of this pernicious group may inform early intervention and prevention programs. To set the stage for the discussion, key terms, such as risk factors, correlates, and causal risk factors, are differentiated and defined to provide conceptual clarification. Findings across studies suggest that no one variable in childhood or adolescence emerged as a significant predictor or correlate of the high rate, chronic trajectory group. Rather, multiple variables across various life domains (e.g., family, peer, school, and neighborhood) predicted trajectory membership. Further research is needed to understand the potential causal mechanisms linking risk factors to criminal outcomes.

Keywords:   Risk factor, Predictors, Correlates, High rate, Chronic

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