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Before ChicanoCitizenship and the Making of Mexican American Manhood, 1848-1959$
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Alberto Varon

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9781479863969

Published to NYU Press Scholarship Online: January 2019

DOI: 10.18574/nyu/9781479863969.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM NYU Press SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.nyu.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of NYU Press Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in NYSO for personal use.date: 18 September 2021

Queer Citizenship

Queer Citizenship

José Antonio Villarreal’s Pocho and Chicano Cultural Nationalism of the Late Nineteenth Century

(p.177) 5 Queer Citizenship
Before Chicano

Alberto Varon

NYU Press

This chapter sutures the pre- and post-civil rights movements—a divide that operates as a historical schism for Latino Studies. Analyzing José Antonio Villarreal’s novel Pocho (1959, which many have hailed as the first Chicano novel), this chapter argues that the novel is better understood not as an origin point but rather as a node within a longer genealogy of Latino culture. This chapter focuses on sexuality, homoeroticism, and homophobia, depictions that are at odds with some of the stated objectives of the Chicano movement’s foundational documents, but that situate the novel within earlier discussions of American democratic values. Read alongside early Chicano movement manifestos and correspondence, the chapter calls for a more historically expansive understanding of the emergence and legacy of the Chicano movement.

Keywords:   Chicano movement, Bracero Program, Immigration, American democratic individualism, Jose Antonio Villarreal, Sexuality

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