This concluding chapter revisits the text's argument—that faith-based masculine negotiations facilitate recovery from gang life—and examines its implications. While critical criminologists and sociologists have recognized the efforts, Homeboy Industries and Victory Outreach show only seeds of resistance. The chapter urges a conceptualization of recovery from gang life as a process of turning inward to cope with racism. It reiterates the key findings in this volume: that, despite of gang pasts, Latino recovering gang members seek to cut ties with gang life, build relationships with family members, and land well-paying, formal employment. Recovery is set amid a context of very modest socioeconomic and geographic mobility, which is thwarted by the exclusionary currents of late modernity. As a result, recovery from gang life is not rapid or linear, leading recovering gang members to experience the push and pull of gang life and conventional life.
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