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Post-Holocaust France and the Jews, 1945-1955$
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Seán Hand and Steven T. Katz

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9781479835041

Published to NYU Press Scholarship Online: March 2016

DOI: 10.18574/nyu/9781479835041.001.0001

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The Encounter between “Native” and “Immigrant” Jews in Post-Holocaust France

The Encounter between “Native” and “Immigrant” Jews in Post-Holocaust France

Negotiating Difference

(p.38) 2 The Encounter between “Native” and “Immigrant” Jews in Post-Holocaust France
Post-Holocaust France and the Jews, 1945-1955

Maud Mandel

NYU Press

This chapter studies the contemporary tensions and transformations created by immigrant arrivals for the predominant character of Franco-Judaism. The study stresses how the disruptions of the Shoah and World War II did not necessarily overturn all traditional internal notions of difference, but rather laid the conditions for an accommodation of the equally dramatic development of French Jewry following further immigrant influx arising in particular from France’s decolonizations. Ultimately, the study isolates two key factors in this transformation which also acted as a profound influence on the entire French nation in the postwar period: the general “Americanization” that was accelerated by JDC funding, and which challenged and overtook older sectarian divisions; and the dramatic revitalization of French Jewish spirituality by North African immigration.

Keywords:   immigrant Jews, Franco-Judaism, Shoah, World War II, difference, French Jewry, Americanization, French Jewish spirituality, North African immigration

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