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Juvenile Justice in Global Perspective$
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Franklin E. Zimring, Maximo Langer, and David S. Tanenhaus

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9781479826537

Published to NYU Press Scholarship Online: March 2016

DOI: 10.18574/nyu/9781479826537.001.0001

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The Development and Prospect of Juvenile Justice in the People’s Republic of China

The Development and Prospect of Juvenile Justice in the People’s Republic of China

(p.121) 3 The Development and Prospect of Juvenile Justice in the People’s Republic of China
Juvenile Justice in Global Perspective

Weijian Gao

NYU Press

This chapter documents the recent history of juvenile justice in the People's Republic of China (PRC) and contrasts the Chinese systems with their Western counterparts. It begins by tracing the early history of Chinese juvenile justice. The PRC got off to a rather late start by international standards in creating principles and institutions of juvenile justice. There are two reasons that juvenile courts were deferred until the last quarter of the twentieth century. The first explanation is demographic—the rural character of China at midcentury. The second factor was drastic political changes at midcentury and during the “Cultural Revolution.” The remainder of the chapter discusses the first juvenile court in Mainland China, the proliferation of local courts, the creation of a national mandate for juvenile courts that put the central government on record for standards of juvenile justice, patterns of criminal sentencing in juvenile court, and the future course of juvenile justice in the PRC.

Keywords:   Chinese juvenile justice system, youth justice, local courts, juvenile courts, China

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