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Juvenile Justice in Global Perspective$
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Franklin E. Zimring, Maximo Langer, and David S. Tanenhaus

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9781479826537

Published to NYU Press Scholarship Online: March 2016

DOI: 10.18574/nyu/9781479826537.001.0001

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Juvenile Justice without a Juvenile Court

Juvenile Justice without a Juvenile Court

A Note on Scandinavian Exceptionalism

Chapter:
(p.63) 2 Juvenile Justice without a Juvenile Court
Source:
Juvenile Justice in Global Perspective
Author(s):

Tapio Lappi-Seppälä

Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:10.18574/nyu/9781479826537.003.0002

This chapter gives an overview of the development and distinct features of Nordic youth justice in Finland, Denmark, Norway, and Sweden. It begins with a short case study of the birth of the Nordic model at the end of the nineteenth century. It then provides an overview of major phases in the evolvement of Nordic youth justice from the beginning of the last century until the most recent reform period, around the turn of the millennium. The next two sections give a summary view of the contents of the present criminal sanctions and their implementation practices. Then the role of child welfare interventions is discussed in more detail, using Finland and Sweden as examples. With regard to international obligations to restrict the use imprisonment for juveniles, Nordic countries have a clean record. Finland and to a certain extent Norway have remained more consistent in their efforts to separate punishment and treatment. Child welfare institutions have no role in the execution of criminal punishments. The Swedish and Danish systems mix child welfare and the criminal justice functions more freely. Criminal sanctions are enforced in both countries in child welfare institutions.

Keywords:   youth justice, juvenile justice systen, Finland, Denmark, Norway, Sweden, child welfare

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