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Juvenile Justice in Global Perspective$
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Franklin E. Zimring, Maximo Langer, and David S. Tanenhaus

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9781479826537

Published to NYU Press Scholarship Online: March 2016

DOI: 10.18574/nyu/9781479826537.001.0001

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One Theme or Many?

One Theme or Many?

The Search for a Deep Structure in Global Juvenile Justice

(p.383) 10 One Theme or Many?
Juvenile Justice in Global Perspective

Franklin E. Zimring

Máximo Langer

NYU Press

This chapter uses the global portrait of juvenile courts found in the book to address a central and essential question: why is it almost universal in our contemporary world that special policies toward young offenders have come hand in hand with separate judicial institutions? It considers possible explanations for the almost ubiquitous existence of separate juvenile courts around the world. After briefly analyzing the role that power, emulation, and structural factors have played in the global diffusion of the juvenile court, it discusses what theory of juvenile courts may underlie their actual practices. It argues that the main function that juvenile courts has been to allow juvenile offenders to grow up out of crime and that such a function also provides the best justification for the continuing existence of these courts.

Keywords:   juvenile justice system, youth justice, juvenile courts, juvenile offenders

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