Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Against Wind and Tide – The African American Struggle against the Colonization Movement - NYU Press Scholarship Online
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Against Wind and Tide: The African American Struggle against the Colonization Movement

Ousmane K. Power-Greene


This book tells the story of African Americans' battle against the American Colonization Society (ACS), founded in 1816 with the intention to return free blacks to its colony Liberia. Although ACS members considered free black colonization in Africa a benevolent enterprise, most black leaders rejected the ACS, fearing that the organization sought forced removal. As the book shows, these African American anticolonizationists did not believe Liberia would ever be a true “black American homeland.” The book draws on newspapers, meeting minutes, and letters to explore the concerted effort on the pa ... More

Keywords: free blacks, colonization, African Americans, American Colonization Society, Liberia, black activists, racism, emigration

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2014 Print ISBN-13: 9781479823178
Published to NYU Press Scholarship Online: March 2016 DOI:10.18574/nyu/9781479823178.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Ousmane K. Power-Greene, author