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Against Wind and TideThe African American Struggle against the Colonization Movement$
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Ousmane K. Power-Greene

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9781479823178

Published to NYU Press Scholarship Online: March 2016

DOI: 10.18574/nyu/9781479823178.001.0001

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“For God and Humanity”

“For God and Humanity”

Anticolonization in the Civil War Era

(p.158) 6 “For God and Humanity”
Against Wind and Tide

Ousmane K. Power-Greene

NYU Press

This chapter examines African American debates over colonization and emigration within the context of the Civil War. It considers the continual struggle among black leaders over emigration and colonization in the early years of the Civil War, along with their efforts to galvanize African Americans towards the creation of a black American republic. It also explores African Americans' belief that the war offered them hope for an end to slavery and racial oppression, as well as an opportunity to demonstrate their worthiness for citizenship. Finally, it discusses how events leading up to the Civil War challenged staunch anticolonization anti-emigrationists such as Frederick Douglass to consider leaving the United States and why President Abraham Lincoln ignored anticolonizationists in favor of colonization which he combined with an emancipation plan after the outbreak of the war.

Keywords:   colonization, emigration, Civil War, African Americans, slavery, anticolonization, anti-emigrationists, Frederick Douglass, Abraham Lincoln, emancipation

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