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Against Wind and TideThe African American Struggle against the Colonization Movement$
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Ousmane K. Power-Greene

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9781479823178

Published to NYU Press Scholarship Online: March 2016

DOI: 10.18574/nyu/9781479823178.001.0001

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“An Undue Illusion”

“An Undue Illusion”

Emigration, Colonization, and the Destiny of the Colored Races, 1850–1858

(p.129) 5 “An Undue Illusion”
Against Wind and Tide

Ousmane K. Power-Greene

NYU Press

This chapter examines how emigration and colonization converged in Frederick Douglass's battle with Martin Delany and those “black nationalists” who argued for the creation of a black American homeland in Africa. It explores black leaders' positions on emigrationism in view of the American Colonization Society's colonization project. It also considers Douglass's intentional conflation of colonization and emigration as a political strategy in order to advance his anticolonization agenda. In particular, it analyzes Douglass's rejection of the idea that a widespread emigration movement would be beneficial to the majority of blacks, as well as his argument that the pro-emigration rhetoric espoused by men like Delany encouraged colonizationists' view that African Americans desired to leave the United States rather than lobby for inclusion.

Keywords:   emigration, colonization, Frederick Douglass, Martin Delany, Africa, emigrationism, American Colonization Society, anticolonization, African Americans, United States

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