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Against Wind and TideThe African American Struggle against the Colonization Movement$
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Ousmane K. Power-Greene

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9781479823178

Published to NYU Press Scholarship Online: March 2016

DOI: 10.18574/nyu/9781479823178.001.0001

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Resurrecting the “Iniquitous Scheme”

Resurrecting the “Iniquitous Scheme”

The Rebirth of the Colonization Movement in America, 1840–1854

(p.95) 4 Resurrecting the “Iniquitous Scheme”
Against Wind and Tide

Ousmane K. Power-Greene

NYU Press

This chapter examines the rebirth of the American Colonization Society (ACS) and the colonization movement in America during the period 1840–1854. As the 1850s approached, colonization gathered strength and whites united across class lines in support of the ACS project, turning colonizationism into a moderate position in a nation divided over slavery. The ACS gained new adherents in Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Wisconsin, and Michigan, thus giving the organization a new lease of life. This chapter considers how colonization ideology was utilized by pro-colonization forces, particularly in the Midwest and West, to undermine the ability of African Americans to gain citizenship status in the newly formed states. It also shows how anticolonization emerged as a crucial factor in free blacks' struggle against white racist policy.

Keywords:   colonization, American Colonization Society, whites, colonizationism, slavery, colonization ideology, African Americans, citizenship, anticolonization, free blacks

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