This book explores African Americans' organized resistance to colonization, and specifically their battle against the American Colonization Society (ACS) and those who believed that African colonization was the best way to “deal” with free blacks who lived outside the slave South. Focusing on free black struggle against colonization in Britain, Africa, Haiti, and Canada, the book examines the efforts of activists and reformers who opposed the colonization movement because they saw it as a major obstacle to African Americans' efforts to gain citizenship in the United States. It considers the participation of many whites and free blacks in the post-1830 abolition movement and their denunciation of the ACS and settlement in Liberia for fear that colonization to Liberia would become national policy. It also discusses emigrationism as an ideology of empowerment for African Americans who were fighting racism. Finally, it explains how anticolonization discourse and activism reaffirmed African Americans' faith in republican and democratic ideals.
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