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The Path to Gay RightsHow Activism and Coming Out Changed Public Opinion$
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Jeremiah J. Garretson

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9781479822133

Published to NYU Press Scholarship Online: January 2019

DOI: 10.18574/nyu/9781479822133.001.0001

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The Global Shift in Attitudes toward Homosexuality

The Global Shift in Attitudes toward Homosexuality

(p.209) 8 The Global Shift in Attitudes toward Homosexuality
The Path to Gay Rights

Jeremiah J. Garretson

NYU Press

This chapter broadens the scope of the book outside the United States and shows that advances in support for gay rights have been broader than previously thought. Using the World and European Values Survey, which have surveyed attitudes involving homosexuality since the 1980s, the chapter shows that on nearly every continent, there are countries whose attitudes have changed similarly to the United States. The chapter then shows that the major factors which divide countries that have seen change from those than have not are GDP and the size and freedom of each country’s media system. Countries with free and pervasive media, which allowed for the success of ACT-UP, saw attitude change. Those without free media or with little media infrastructure still harbour pervasive anti-gay attitudes. Tentative results on how political party systems effect gay rights support are also presented.

Keywords:   Globalization, GDP, media systems, media, international, comparative analysis, World Values Survey, political parties, party systems, transnational

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