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Diaspora Lobbies and the US GovernmentConvergence and Divergence in Making Foreign Policy$
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Josh DeWind and Renata Segura

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9781479818761

Published to NYU Press Scholarship Online: March 2016

DOI: 10.18574/nyu/9781479818761.001.0001

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The Effects of Diasporas’ Nature, Types, and Goals on Hostland Foreign Policies

The Effects of Diasporas’ Nature, Types, and Goals on Hostland Foreign Policies

(p.31) Chapter Two The Effects of Diasporas’ Nature, Types, and Goals on Hostland Foreign Policies
Diaspora Lobbies and the US Government

Gabriel Sheffer

NYU Press

This chapter defines ethno-national-religious diasporas, particularly in contrast to transnational communities. While the identities, goals, and international activities of transnational communities are varied and can change—particularly as their members become assimilated into their host societies—ethno-national-religious diasporas persistently identify with their national homelands and, as a result, resist aspects of assimilation that might diminish either their identities or their involvements in homeland politics. Moreover, while transnational communities create and recreate hybrid identities based on different social, cultural, and economic interests that extend variously within and across national borders, ethno-national-religious diasporas seek to strengthen the unity of their ethnic and national identifications with their homelands' borders and politics. The chapter then analyzes how the nature and types of these diasporas motivate and structure the convergence and divergence of interests in foreign policy making with the US government.

Keywords:   ethno-national-religious diasporas, transnational communities, host societies, homeland politics, hybrid identities, US foreign policy

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