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Four Steeples over the City StreetsReligion and Society in New York's Early Republic Congregations$
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Kyle T. Bulthuis

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9781479814275

Published to NYU Press Scholarship Online: March 2016

DOI: 10.18574/nyu/9781479814275.001.0001

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Preacher Power

Preacher Power

Congregational Political Struggles as Social Conflicts, 1810–1830

Chapter:
(p.120) 6 Preacher Power
Source:
Four Steeples over the City Streets
Author(s):

Kyle T. Bulthuis

Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:10.18574/nyu/9781479814275.003.0007

This chapter revisits the well-documented ecclesiastical battles within each congregation during the 1810s and early 1820s. The increased strains of city life frame these disputes. Episcopalians divided over the bishop's authority and the right to form ecumenical evangelizing societies, but the struggles also represented a clash between competing Anglican forms of social organization within the congregation. Methodists divided over local and lay versus regional and clerical control over their congregations. Black Methodists tangentially entered white Methodists' debate by defining their identity as independent from white schismatics and churchmen alike, while keeping their local independence from other black churches. Black Episcopalians avoided serious battles in this decade, largely because their perilous financial position impelled them to cling to the High Church Party in the Episcopal Church leadership. In all these cases, ecclesiastical disputes had social dimensions. Local congregations' geographic locations helped determine their positions in these clashes.

Keywords:   ecclesiastical disputes, church leadership, congregations, city life, geographic locations, social dimensions

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