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Four Steeples over the City StreetsReligion and Society in New York's Early Republic Congregations$
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Kyle T. Bulthuis

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9781479814275

Published to NYU Press Scholarship Online: March 2016

DOI: 10.18574/nyu/9781479814275.001.0001

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Religious Establishment Challenged, Destroyed, and Re-formed

Religious Establishment Challenged, Destroyed, and Re-formed

The Revolutionary Era

(p.30) 2 Religious Establishment Challenged, Destroyed, and Re-formed
Four Steeples over the City Streets

Kyle T. Bulthuis

NYU Press

This chapter discusses the Revolutionary era's challenges to formal, legal establishment, and the persistence after the Revolution of a social vision of unity in both churches. Accusations of loyalism dogged both Anglicans and Methodists, and both groups' connections to blacks heightened such uncertainty, given British-black interaction in New York. During the American Revolution, the State of New York formally disestablished the Episcopal Church, and both churches faced signs of hostility. After the Revolution, however, many assumptions of organic society persisted. Episcopalian and Methodist leaders continued informal associations that promoted a vision of a united society under their leadership. Both groups included blacks within their communities, but kept them at a distance to conform more clearly to cultural assumptions that many white Americans shared.

Keywords:   Revolutionary era, organic unity, Anglicans, Methodists, Episcopalians, British-black interactions, American Revolution

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