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Four Steeples over the City Streets – Religion and Society in New York's Early Republic Congregations - NYU Press Scholarship Online
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Four Steeples over the City Streets: Religion and Society in New York's Early Republic Congregations

Kyle T. Bulthuis


In the fifty years after the Constitution was signed in 1787, New York City grew from a port town of 30,000 to a metropolis of over half a million residents. This rapid development transformed a once tightknit community and its religious experience. The effects were felt by Trinity Episcopal Church, which had presented itself as a uniting influence in New York, which connected all believers in social unity in the late colonial era. As the city grew larger, more impersonal, and socially divided, churches reformed around race and class-based neighborhoods. Trinity's original vision of uniting th ... More

Keywords: New York City, Trinity Episcopal Church, John Street Methodist Church, Mother Zion African Methodist Church, St. Philip's Episcopal Church, church congregations, Republic New York, religious traditions

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2014 Print ISBN-13: 9781479814275
Published to NYU Press Scholarship Online: March 2016 DOI:10.18574/nyu/9781479814275.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Kyle T. Bulthuis, author