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After Life ImprisonmentReentry in the Era of Mass Incarceration$
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Marieke Liem

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9781479806928

Published to NYU Press Scholarship Online: May 2017

DOI: 10.18574/nyu/9781479806928.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM NYU Press SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.nyu.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of NYU Press Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in NYSO for personal use.date: 15 October 2019

Understanding Desistance

Understanding Desistance

Chapter:
(p.11) 2 Understanding Desistance
Source:
After Life Imprisonment
Author(s):

Marieke Liem

Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:10.18574/nyu/9781479806928.003.0002

This chapter draws from two predominant criminological theories that have been used to explain desistance from crime: Life-course theories and theories of cognitive transformation. Particular attention is paid to life-course notions including aging out and acquiring new social roles. This chapter also addresses the nature of the homicide and the influence of imprisonment to help us understand how the homicide offenders on which this study was based, fare post-release. Did prison act as a school of crime, as a deterrent, or simply as a ‘deep freeze’, which implies that offenders came out the exact way they came in? Finally, the chapter discusses potential harmful effects of imprisonment, including institutionalization. This chapter serves as a theoretical background in coming to understand the ability of lifers to build a life for themselves before, during, and most importantly, after release.

Keywords:   life-course theory, aging out, social roles, cognitive transformation, institutionalization, deterrence, recidivism, theory

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