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From the Land of Shadows"War, Revolution, and the Making of the Cambodian Diaspora"$
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Khatharya Um

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9781479804733

Published to NYU Press Scholarship Online: September 2016

DOI: 10.18574/nyu/9781479804733.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM NYU Press SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.nyu.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of NYU Press Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in NYSO for personal use.date: 01 August 2021

From Peasants to Revolutionaries

From Peasants to Revolutionaries

Chapter:
(p.108) 4 From Peasants to Revolutionaries
Source:
From the Land of Shadows
Author(s):

Khatharya Um

Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:10.18574/nyu/9781479804733.003.0005

Rather than looking at Khmer Rouge violence as an eruption of the irrational, this chapter analyzes the purposive nature of revolutionary violence, providing both structural and ideological explanations for its emergence as a policy instrument by linking it to the twin imperatives of ensuring regime survival and of radically transforming Cambodian society. Tracing the genesis of violence to the political histories of both Cambodia and of the Cambodian communist movement, this section traces the roots of many features of Democratic Kampuchea—the deeply felt anxiety about national survival, a nativistic impulse, suspicion of and disdain for cities and intellectuals, and destructive self-reliance—to the experiences of colonization and betrayal.

Keywords:   ideology, national survival, nativism, revolutionary violence

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