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Feminists Rethink the Neoliberal StateInequality, Exclusion, and Change$
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Leela Fernandes

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9781479800155

Published to NYU Press Scholarship Online: September 2018

DOI: 10.18574/nyu/9781479800155.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM NYU Press SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.nyu.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of NYU Press Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in NYSO for personal use.date: 19 June 2021

An Improvising State

An Improvising State

Market Reforms, Neoliberal Governmentality, Gender, and Caste in Gujarat, India

(p.136) 5 An Improvising State
Feminists Rethink the Neoliberal State

Dolly Daftary

NYU Press

State-led neoliberalization is discussed through the case of rural development in Gujarat, India’s flagship state of market reforms. The essay takes neoliberalization not as given or self-evident, but as a process of reworking of the state’s boundaries with the market and civil society. State transformation in India includes a downsized rural bureaucracy recruiting temporary workers and contract NGOs to implement development, expanding women’s employment while rendering its circumstances precarious, delegating development practice to an ungoverned space in the locality, and employing techniques of self-governance among development subjects to rid the state of these responsibilities. The new state is revealed to be an improvising state, constantly departing from certainty and provisionally administering social life.

Keywords:   Gujarat, India, development, neoliberalism, self-governance, improvising state, microcredit, civil society, rural, gender

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