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Feminists Rethink the Neoliberal StateInequality, Exclusion, and Change$
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Leela Fernandes

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9781479800155

Published to NYU Press Scholarship Online: September 2018

DOI: 10.18574/nyu/9781479800155.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM NYU Press SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.nyu.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of NYU Press Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in NYSO for personal use.date: 15 June 2021

The Production of Silence

The Production of Silence

The State-NGO Nexus in Bangladesh

(p.106) 4 The Production of Silence
Feminists Rethink the Neoliberal State

Lamia Karim

NYU Press

The essay examines the distinctive nature of neoliberalism in Bangladesh that began under military rule, and analyzes the discursive silences that neoliberal development policies have produced within the NGO sector. It analyzes three major strands that refer to how policies of market liberalization were historically promoted by successive military and democratic governments since independence; the impact of this confluence of market liberalization on the state, NGOs, and the framing of feminist/women’s agendas; and how policies and ideologies of neoliberalism discursively shape public discourses about NGOs, women, and development. The chapter argues that feminist/women’s agendas have been shaped by liberal ideas of empowerment, which have been reworked through neoliberal models of economic empowerment that have silenced more critical discourses questioning free market policies and their deleterious effects on women’s labor and lives.

Keywords:   Bangladesh, feminists, development, neoliberalism, market reforms, military, NGOs, state

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