This chapter examines Title IX's progress in changing the cultural norms surrounding women's participation in sports by focusing on how it deals with issues facing athletes who become pregnant. It first considers Title IX regulation that addresses pregnancy and provides the basis for the law's approach to pregnant athletes. It then explains Title IX's approach that skirts the debate pitting equal-treatment proponents against advocates of special pregnancy accommodations, and why there has been a long-time reluctance to focus on pregnancy as a gender-equality issue in sports. It also discusses the gains Title IX has made toward the cultural acceptance and embrace of female athletes; the law's failure to make serious inroads into the dominant model of college sports that values winning at all costs and treats athletes as commodities who add value to college sports rather than as students who benefit from playing college sports; and Title IX's progress in tackling issues involving male athletes who become fathers and high school athletes who become pregnant.
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