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Getting in the GameTitle IX and the Women's Sports Revolution$
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Deborah L. Brake

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780814799659

Published to NYU Press Scholarship Online: March 2016

DOI: 10.18574/nyu/9780814799659.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM NYU Press SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.nyu.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of NYU Press Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in NYSO for personal use.date: 25 September 2021

(p.95) 4 Complicating Equal Participation

(p.95) 4 Complicating Equal Participation

What Counts as a Sport, Which Sports Should Women Play, and Which Women Should Play Them?

(p.95) 4 Complicating Equal Participation
Getting in the Game

Deborah L. Brake

NYU Press

This chapter focuses on Title IX's three-part test for measuring equal participation opportunities. It first examines what counts as a sport for Title IX purposes, with particular emphasis on the case of cheerleading. It then considers whether some sports are more worthy contenders for addition to the women's program than others, and whether Title IX takes (or should take) a position on which sports to prioritize in the push to expand women's opportunities. More specifically, it asks whether Title IX should push harder for contact sports for women. It also discusses the mixed success of Title IX's effort to secure equal sports participation opportunities, noting that women of color remain significantly underrepresented in intercollegiate athletic participation, in part because much of the growth in women's sports in recent years has been in sports that are disproportionately played by white women.

Keywords:   three-part test, equal participation opportunities, Title IX, cheerleading, contact sports, women of color, women's sports

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