Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Getting in the GameTitle IX and the Women's Sports Revolution$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Deborah L. Brake

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780814799659

Published to NYU Press Scholarship Online: March 2016

DOI: 10.18574/nyu/9780814799659.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM NYU Press SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.nyu.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of NYU Press Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in NYSO for personal use.date: 15 October 2019

(p.67) 3 The Three-Part Test and the Opportunity to Play

(p.67) 3 The Three-Part Test and the Opportunity to Play

Chapter:
(p.67) 3 The Three-Part Test and the Opportunity to Play
Source:
Getting in the Game
Author(s):

Deborah L. Brake

Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:10.18574/nyu/9780814799659.003.0004

This chapter examines Title IX's three-part test for measuring equal participation opportunities. It first considers the development of the test, whose overall goal is to increase girls' and women's opportunities in competitive sports, and its three parts: the “substantial proportionality” prong, the “program expansion” prong, and the “full and effective accommodation” prong. It then discusses the legal battle over Title IX's requirements, focusing on the legacy of Cohen v. Brown University with respect to women's sports. It also looks at the application of the three-part test to interscholastic sports and the courts' response to reverse discrimination claims brought by male athletes. The chapter shows that the three-part test has been a success in terms of both its progressive theory of gender equality and its impact on women's participation in sports, citing as evidence the rise in the number of girls and women who play varsity sports in the years since Title IX was passed.

Keywords:   three-part test, equal participation opportunities, substantial proportionality, program expansion, Cohen v. Brown University, interscholastic sports, reverse discrimination, gender equality, varsity sports, women's sports

NYU Press Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.