Girls Playing with Boys and Boys Playing with Girls
This chapter examines integration rights as an important qualification to sex-separate opportunities and how such rights help mitigate, if not eliminate, the downsides of sex separation in sports. Title IX allows schools to provide separate-sex teams where team selection is made on a competitive basis or if the athletes are engaged in contact sports. The same regulation that broadly permits separation also creates a set of limited integration rights. It provides for the right to try out for a sport offered to members of the other sex, but only under certain conditions. This chapter points out some of the shortcomings in the liberal feminist integration rights recognized by Title IX. It argues that gender equality is best served by expanding integration rights to exceptional female athletes who have their own team. It also discusses the approach taken by Title IX and by the equal protection clause to boys' rights to participate on girls' teams.
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