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Fair Trade and Social JusticeGlobal Ethnographies$
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Sarah Lyon and Mark Moberg

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780814796207

Published to NYU Press Scholarship Online: March 2016

DOI: 10.18574/nyu/9780814796207.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM NYU Press SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.nyu.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of NYU Press Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in NYSO for personal use.date: 18 October 2019

Colonial Pasts and Fair Trade Futures

Colonial Pasts and Fair Trade Futures

Changing Modes of Production and Regulation on Darjeeling Tea Plantations

Chapter:
(p.97) 5 Colonial Pasts and Fair Trade Futures
Source:
Fair Trade and Social Justice
Author(s):

Sarah Besky

Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:10.18574/nyu/9780814796207.003.0005

This chapter examines the distribution of fair trade benefits and changing modes of production and regulation on Darjeeling tea plantations in India. Using regulation theory, it considers how colonial tea production, despite gross inequalities, left independent Indian tea gardens with two key regulatory institutions: the auction and labor laws. It also explores how fair trade both challenges and advances neoliberalization and how neoliberal and colonial institutions regulate social justice on Darjeeling tea plantations. It notes the destabilizing effect of fair trade on plantation tea production as well as the obstacles of certifying a plantation as fair trade, and shows that fair trade's certification standards for worker welfare are weaker than the rights formerly granted plantation workers under Indian law. Finally, it suggests that most of the benefits of higher fair trade tea prices and marketing connections have accrued to owners and not to their employees.

Keywords:   fair trade regulation, Darjeeling tea, tea plantations, India, tea production, neoliberalization, social justice, certification

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