This chapter examines the Bush administration's use of legal detours to target individuals and groups, including protesters, lawyers in the war on terror, and ordinary Americans. It first traces the history of the government's targeting of groups through fear, malice, or overzealous enforcement and goes on to discuss the Bush administration's response to 9/11 as part of its heightened immigration enforcement. It then considers the administration's policies on asylums and refugees, along with the different means that it employed to target individuals and groups, such as coercive interrogation, extraordinary rendition, and detention without due process. It also explores the administration's use of detours within the criminal justice system, starting with the detention of material witnesses. The chapter notes the vindictive stance of the Bush administration in targeting individuals, such as immigrants and foreign nationals.
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