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Elijah Muhammad and Islam$
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Herbert Berg

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780814791134

Published to NYU Press Scholarship Online: March 2016

DOI: 10.18574/nyu/9780814791134.001.0001

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The Life of Elijah Muhammad

The Life of Elijah Muhammad

(p.31) 2 The Life of Elijah Muhammad
Elijah Muhammad and Islam

Herbert Berg

NYU Press

This chapter sketches the life of Elijah Muhammad, including his life before the Nation of Islam, his tutelage under Fard Muhammad, his struggles to keep the movement alive during years of persecution and imprisonment, and his astounding success from the late 1950s through the turbulent years of Malcolm X. The last decade of Elijah Muhammad's life appears superficially as a period of malaise but was actually a time of economic successes and growth for his movement. Divisions within the Nation of Islam and renewed struggles for power began as the effects of serious illnesses and advancing age made it increasingly obvious that their Messenger would soon need a successor.

Keywords:   Elijah Muhammad, Islam, biography, Nation of Islam, Fard Muhammad, Malcolm X

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