World War I to World War II, 1919–1945
This chapter focuses on the fifth “echo” of American constitutionalism: 1919–1945, which spans the periods of both World War I and World War II. After World War I, democracy spread across Europe. Monarchies were transformed into republics, and hopes ran high for peace in the coming new world order. The bill of rights tradition that American constitutionalism had established along with Britain and France also made great strides elsewhere during this time. Many new nation-states emerged from the breakup of European empires. However, these were soon overwhelmed by the new totalitarian ideologies—communism, fascism, and Nazism. This chapter examines the influence of American constitutionalism on European constitutions during the fifth echo, with particular emphasis on those of Germany, Austria, Czechoslovakia, Poland, Hungary, Finland, and the three Baltic countries of Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia. It also assesses the state of democracy and American constitutionalism in the post-World War I period in Europe, and also looks at democratic and nondemocratic trends in Latin America.
NYU Press Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.
If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.
To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.