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International AdoptionGlobal Inequalities and the Circulation of Children$
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Diana Marre and Laura Briggs

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780814791011

Published to NYU Press Scholarship Online: March 2016

DOI: 10.18574/nyu/9780814791011.001.0001

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Transnational Connections and Dissenting Views

Transnational Connections and Dissenting Views

The Evolution of Child Placement Policies in Brazil

(p.154) Chapter 8 Transnational Connections and Dissenting Views
International Adoption

Claudia Fonseca

NYU Press

This chapter looks at changing Brazilian policies toward international adoption as they developed through the complex interweaving of local and transnational influences. It suggests that adoption lies at the crux of children's rights and class discrimination, two emergent themes in human rights debates. Controversies over the “export trade” in children have recently fueled a shift toward facilitating domestic adoption. Much as domestic violence against women had once been naturalized as a conflict outside the state's authority, so adoption has been presented as a humanitarian issue involving, at most, a child's “right” to a family. Therefore, the dominant model of plenary adoption may be singularly ill-suited to promoting the best interests of the child.

Keywords:   Brazilian policies, international adoption, plenary adoption, children's rights, humanitarian issues, class discrimination

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