Brazilian Intermediaries in the Adoption Process
This chapter scrutinizes the many actors involved in international adoption from Brazil; from private intermediaries such as philanthropic orphanages, lawyers, and clergy, to public institutions for “abandoned” children and birth parents. Brazil was one of the world's primary sources of internationally adopted children from the early 1980s until the mid-1990s, when it became enveloped in controversy over allegations of the abuse of adoptive children and their birth mothers. Police investigations and Parliamentary inquiries led to significant changes in public policy. Thus, drawing on fieldwork conducted in the province of Ceará and in France, where many Brazilian children were adopted, this chapter charts the complex tensions involved in international adoption.
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