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International AdoptionGlobal Inequalities and the Circulation of Children$
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Diana Marre and Laura Briggs

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780814791011

Published to NYU Press Scholarship Online: March 2016

DOI: 10.18574/nyu/9780814791011.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM NYU Press SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.nyu.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of NYU Press Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in NYSO for personal use.date: 24 February 2020

International Adoption

International Adoption

Lessons from Hawai’i

Chapter:
(p.52) Chapter 2 International Adoption
Source:
International Adoption
Author(s):

Judith Schachter

Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:10.18574/nyu/9780814791011.003.0003

This chapter draws attention to the power of the state to define adoption and considers how families whose culture differs from that of the dominant society navigate the system in order to enact alternative definitions of kinship. It juxtaposes the legal form of plenary adoption, in which the adoptee's previous kinship ties are severed, with indigenous forms of adoption and fosterage, which augment rather than erase the child's kin-based identity. The chapter's micro-analysis of a complex Native Hawaiian family in this island state illuminates how indigenous people negotiate the contradictions between colonial legacies and cultural traditions, and presents a view of adoption and identity that emphasizes the link between ways of having children and the conjoining of diverse sources of identity.

Keywords:   Hawai'i, plenary adoption, fosterage, kin-based identity, alternative kinships, colonial legacies, cultural traditions

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