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International AdoptionGlobal Inequalities and the Circulation of Children$
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Diana Marre and Laura Briggs

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780814791011

Published to NYU Press Scholarship Online: March 2016

DOI: 10.18574/nyu/9780814791011.001.0001

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Children, Individuality, Family

Children, Individuality, Family

Discussing Assisted Reproductive Technologies and Adoption in Lithuania

(p.208) Chapter 11 Children, Individuality, Family
International Adoption

Auksuolė Čepaitienė

NYU Press

This chapter compares Lithuanian discourses related to adoption with those surrounding assisted reproduction technologies (ART). Drawing on ethnographic research in Lithuania, the chapter explores how people negotiate their evaluation of infertility solutions. Individuals use the words “genes” and “inheritance” very loosely, and sometimes in contradictory ways, in thinking about the relative advantages and disadvantages of ART or adoption. The idea that children have particular inborn characteristics is widely held in Lithuania. Although both ART and adoption make the child a member of the kin-group in the eyes of society, people's concept of inborn properties leads to a perception that children who are adopted or conceived through ART are external to the adoptive family. Adopting those whose parents have been deemed unfit is regarded as especially risky, although sending those same children into international adoption is, paradoxically, regarded as a regrettable loss of precious genes by the nation.

Keywords:   Lithuania, assisted reproduction technologies, ART, infertility solutions, adoption, genetics

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