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Economics and Youth ViolenceCrime, Disadvantage, and Community$
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Richard Rosenfeld, Mark Edberg, Xiangming Fang, and Curtis S. Florence

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780814789308

Published to NYU Press Scholarship Online: March 2016

DOI: 10.18574/nyu/9780814789308.001.0001

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Macroeconomic Factors, Youth Violence, and the Developing Child

Macroeconomic Factors, Youth Violence, and the Developing Child

(p.255) 9 Macroeconomic Factors, Youth Violence, and the Developing Child
Economics and Youth Violence

Nancy G. Guerra

NYU Press

This chapter employs a lifecycle approach to describe different kinds of links between macroeconomic factors and violent behavior that occur across the developmental continuum. It argues that such linkages must be viewed—for both theoretical and intervention purposes—in connection to developmental stage and as a cumulative process. Poverty increases early child exposure to fetal toxins, nutritional deficiencies, trauma (through violence exposure), and family/parenting difficulties. Such exposures set in process in motion that is exacerbated up the developmental chain by other factors connected to poverty and the macroeconomic context, including neglect; a lack of economic resources, educational support, and access to health care; and continued exposure to community violence and its social context. Intervention strategies must therefore be linked across developmental stages to have a chance of interrupting this process.

Keywords:   lifecycle approach, macroeconomic factors, developmental stages, poverty, developmental factors, intervention strategies, violent behavior

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