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Economics and Youth ViolenceCrime, Disadvantage, and Community$
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Richard Rosenfeld, Mark Edberg, Xiangming Fang, and Curtis S. Florence

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780814789308

Published to NYU Press Scholarship Online: March 2016

DOI: 10.18574/nyu/9780814789308.001.0001

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Incarceration and the Economic Fortunes of Urban Neighborhoods

Incarceration and the Economic Fortunes of Urban Neighborhoods

(p.207) 8 Incarceration and the Economic Fortunes of Urban Neighborhoods
Economics and Youth Violence

Jeffrey Fagan

Valerie West

NYU Press

This chapter turns to the response of the criminal justice system to neighborhood violence, in particular examining to what extent persistently high levels of incarceration can depress economic well-being and human capital in disadvantaged and racially segregated communities. A panel analysis of New York City neighborhoods between 1985 and 1996, a period in which the city's violent-crime rates both rose and fell sharply, provides evidence that high incarceration rates reduce income growth, educational attainment, and work experience in disadvantaged and racially segregated neighborhoods. To rectify this, targeted micro investment and housing development in such areas can break the connection between incarceration and economic and educational disadvantage.

Keywords:   criminal justice system, New York City neighborhoods, neighborhood violence, incarceration, income growth, educational attainment, work experience, disadvantaged neighborhoods, racially segregated neighborhoods

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