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Economics and Youth ViolenceCrime, Disadvantage, and Community$
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Richard Rosenfeld, Mark Edberg, Xiangming Fang, and Curtis S. Florence

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780814789308

Published to NYU Press Scholarship Online: March 2016

DOI: 10.18574/nyu/9780814789308.001.0001

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The Nonlinear Effect of Neighborhood Disadvantage on Youth Violence

The Nonlinear Effect of Neighborhood Disadvantage on Youth Violence

Neighborhood Effects on Youth Violence

(p.121) 5 The Nonlinear Effect of Neighborhood Disadvantage on Youth Violence
Economics and Youth Violence

Xiangming Fang

Richard Rosenfeld

Linda L. Dahlberg

Curtis S. Florence

NYU Press

This chapter reports new results from a cross-sectional study of the relationship between neighborhood socioeconomic disadvantage and self-reported violent offending among a nationally representative school-based sample of adolescents. Of special interest is whether a threshold of disadvantage must be reached before violence is elevated. In this light, the chapter posits that the relationship between disadvantage and adolescent violence is nonlinear: adolescent violence is relatively low in the least disadvantaged neighborhoods, peaks in more disadvantaged areas, and falls off somewhat in the most disadvantaged areas. Thus, it is recommended that policymakers consider these nonlinear patterns when devising interventions to control youth violence.

Keywords:   youth violence, socioeconomic disadvantage, adolescent violence, disadvantaged areas, nonlinear patterns

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