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Steel BarrioThe Great Mexican Migration to South Chicago, 1915-1940$
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Michael Innis-Jiménez

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780814785850

Published to NYU Press Scholarship Online: March 2016

DOI: 10.18574/nyu/9780814785850.001.0001

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Mexico and the United States

Mexico and the United States

(p.19) 1 Mexico and the United States
Steel Barrio

Michael Innis-Jiménez

NYU Press

This chapter examines the conditions that favored the migration of large numbers of Mexicans to the United States in the first half of the twentieth century. The first wave of Mexican migrants to the Chicago area started in 1916, during which they began to establish communities. According to the United States federal census, Mexicans comprised 1,141 of the 808,558 foreign-born residents in Chicago in 1920, while other sources that did not differentiate between Mexican immigrants and Mexican Americans had the Mexican population of the city at 2,537 during the same year. This chapter considers the two major factors that shaped the timing and level of migration from Mexico to the United States: the Mexican Revolution and the Cristero Rebellion and the restrictive U.S. immigration law that addressed a labor shortage in the industrial Midwest.

Keywords:   migration, Mexicans, United States, Chicago, Mexican immigrants, Mexican Americans, Mexican Revolution, Cristero Rebellion, U.S. immigration law, Mexico

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