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At Home in Two CountriesThe Past and Future of Dual Citizenship$
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Peter J. Spiro

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780814785829

Published to NYU Press Scholarship Online: January 2017

DOI: 10.18574/nyu/9780814785829.001.0001

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Dual Citizenship and the Rise of Diaspora

Dual Citizenship and the Rise of Diaspora

(p.87) 6 Dual Citizenship and the Rise of Diaspora
At Home in Two Countries

Peter J. Spiro

NYU Press

This chapter describes the dramatic change in global attitudes to the status. During the late twentieth century, other countries also relaxed their position on dual citizenship. Developing states once equated emigration with abandonment, forsaking those who left by terminating nationality. Today, developing countries seek to harness emigrant communities as diasporas for economic and other purposes. Citizenship is part of the toolbox for keeping diasporas connected to the homeland. These “sending” states have moved from merely tolerating dual citizenship to actively embracing it. Other countries, including most European states, have also come to appreciate ethnic kin outside the homeland. Because citizenship no longer provokes turf battles between states, many states have abandoned previous restrictions on the status. With a few major hold-outs, a clear majority of countries now permits dual citizenship, and the trend is unidirectional. The more pressing question today is not so much whether dual citizenship is acceptable but rather how citizens residing outside the homeland should be politically accommodated, especially with respect to voting rights. This chapter addresses novel issues of diaspora citizenship rights, arguing for the extension of full political rights to external citizens. Those who have relocated elsewhere and acquired another citizenship will still have interests in homeland governance which should be reflected in institutionalized voice.

Keywords:   emigrant communities, dual citizenship, diaspora citizenship rights, external citizens, homeland governance, voting rights

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