This chapter examines whether brain impairment should be used in the determination of criminal responsibility. Most people feel comfortable with the idea that authority should not punish individuals with severe cognitive impairments. Opinions change, however, when arguments about brain deficits are applied to individuals who do not have obvious cognitive impairments. Psychopaths, for example, are aware of the differences between right and wrong. They act intentionally, with the understanding that there are rules and consequences for violating them. Overall, the chapter argues that the cognitive capacity for rationality is not all that is required for appropriate moral behavior.
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