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Race, Ethnicity, and PolicingNew and Essential Readings$
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Stephen K. Rice and Michael D. White

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780814776155

Published to NYU Press Scholarship Online: March 2016

DOI: 10.18574/nyu/9780814776155.001.0001

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Methods for Assessing Racially Biased Policing

Methods for Assessing Racially Biased Policing

(p.180) Chapter 7 Methods for Assessing Racially Biased Policing
Race, Ethnicity, and Policing

Greg Ridgeway

John MacDonald

NYU Press

This chapter serves as a primer on methods for assessing racially biased policing. It notes that the central issue in documenting the existence of racially biased policing is the identification of an appropriate benchmark. It discusses the entire range of external benchmarks, internal benchmarks, and post-stop outcomes that have been used in research race/ethnicity, bias, and policing. With regard to external benchmarking, it is important to note that the critical task is to identify the population at risk of being stopped. Most external measures fall short in accomplishing this task. The chapter provides similar treatment to internal benchmarks that focus on individual officer decision making and concludes with a review of post-stop outcome measures, including stop duration, search decisions, hit rates, and use of force.

Keywords:   racially biased policing, benchmark, race bias, ethnicity bias, external benchmarks, internal benchmarks, post-stop outcomes, stop duration, use of force

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