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Race, Ethnicity, and PolicingNew and Essential Readings$
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Stephen K. Rice and Michael D. White

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780814776155

Published to NYU Press Scholarship Online: March 2016

DOI: 10.18574/nyu/9780814776155.001.0001

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Preventing Racially Biased Policing through Internal and External Controls

Preventing Racially Biased Policing through Internal and External Controls

The Comprehensive Accountability Package

(p.468) Chapter 20 Preventing Racially Biased Policing through Internal and External Controls
Race, Ethnicity, and Policing

Michael D. White

NYU Press

This chapter outlines how police accountability, transparency, and fairness acts as hedges against racially and ethnically biased policing. It pays attention to the adoption of internal and external controls as means toward departmental accountability—steps that, through their reduction of police misconduct, serve to reduce civil litigation and criminal prosecution, and improve police–community relations. The chapter provides evidence on the efficacy of internal mechanisms such as careful recruitment of personnel, effective training and supervision, administrative guidance, internal affairs, and early warning systems. To this, it adds external controls such as criminal and civil prosecution of misconduct, judicial intervention, special commissions, consent decrees, and citizen/media oversight. It outlines strengths and weaknesses of the various controls and recommends context-specific, comprehensive accountability packages that best speak to specific community needs.

Keywords:   police accountability, police transparency, police fairness, racially biased policing, internal controls, external controls, bias, accountability packages

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