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Race, Ethnicity, and PolicingNew and Essential Readings$
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Stephen K. Rice and Michael D. White

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780814776155

Published to NYU Press Scholarship Online: March 2016

DOI: 10.18574/nyu/9780814776155.001.0001

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Space, Place, and Immigration

Space, Place, and Immigration

New Directions for Research on Police Stops

(p.411) Chapter 17 Space, Place, and Immigration
Race, Ethnicity, and Policing

Brian J. Stults

Karen F. Parker

Erin C. Lane

NYU Press

This chapter examines the role of spatial dynamics and neighborhood characteristics on police stop rates by incorporating the experiences of White, Black, and Hispanic motorists. Utilizing census data and information that includes crime reports, officers' demographic and behavioral indicators, and police–citizen contacts from the Miami-Dade Police Department, it assesses macro-level, structural predictors of stops, such as racial composition, disadvantage, and social disorder, to understand the spatial clustering of stops in relation to neighborhood characteristics, and to explore the influence of nearby areas on the potential for police–citizen interactions in Miami-Dade communities. The hypotheses discussed suggest important differences in the influence of disorder relative to race and ethnicity.

Keywords:   spatial dynamics, neighborhood characteristics, police stop rates, White, Black, Hispanic, Miami-Dade Police Department, racial composition, social disorder, race

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