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Race, Ethnicity, and PolicingNew and Essential Readings$
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Stephen K. Rice and Michael D. White

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780814776155

Published to NYU Press Scholarship Online: March 2016

DOI: 10.18574/nyu/9780814776155.001.0001

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Street Stops and Broken Windows Revisited

Street Stops and Broken Windows Revisited

The Demography and Logic of Proactive Policing in a Safe and Changing City

(p.309) Chapter 13 Street Stops and Broken Windows Revisited
Race, Ethnicity, and Policing

Jeffrey A. Fagan

Amanda Geller

Garth Davies

Valerie West

NYU Press

This chapter examines the development of “order maintenance policing” in New York City. It studies the stop-and-frisk activities of New York City police officers by examining temporal and spatial patterns of stops from 1999, 2003, and 2006. Findings reveal that stop rates have increased by 500 percent since 1999 despite little change in crime rates Stop activity was greatest in poor and minority communities, and stop patterns were more closely tied to demographic and social conditions than to disorder or crime. The efficiency of stops, measured as “hit rates,” dropped considerably, with the sharpest declines occurring in minority neighborhoods. Overall, the findings illustrate that the racial-spatial concentration of excess stop activity threatens to undermine police legitimacy and diminish the social good of policing, while doing little to reduce crime or disorder.

Keywords:   order maintenance policing, New York City, stop-and-frisk, New York City police, stop activity, crime, minority communities, hit rates, police legitimacy

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