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The Deepening CrisisGovernance Challenges after Neoliberalism$
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Craig Calhoun and Georgi Derluguian

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780814772805

Published to NYU Press Scholarship Online: March 2016

DOI: 10.18574/nyu/9780814772805.001.0001

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The Paradox of Faith

The Paradox of Faith

Religion beyond Secularization and Desecularization

Chapter:
(p.157) Chapter 7 The Paradox of Faith
Source:
The Deepening Crisis
Author(s):

Adrian Pabst

Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:10.18574/nyu/9780814772805.003.0008

This chapter argues that the standard models of “secularization” and “desecularization” are theoretically problematic and empirically questionable. By essentializing religion, both theories adopt a secular perspective, which ignores key sociological, anthropological, and philosophical features that can account for the specificities of different religious traditions. Moreover, modernity is not a linear process that progressively replaces the religious past with a secular future. Rather, it is a dialectical process oscillating between a dominant secularism (and a variety of denominational subcultures that are positively linked to modernization) on the one hand, and an increasingly visible revival of traditional faiths that resist and seek to transform the secular outlook of global modernity, on the other hand.

Keywords:   secularization, desecularization, religion, modernity, global modernity, traditional faiths

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